A compromise advocated by some abolitionists was emancipation and deportation of African Americans to a colony. Robins and Adam Jones, authors of Genocides by the Oppressed: Subaltern Genocide in Theory and Practice , cited Girard and described it as a "genocide of the subaltern" in which a previously disadvantaged group used a genocide to destroy their previous oppressors. White women were "often raped or pushed into forced marriages under threat of death. Dessalines was reportedly among the spectators; he was said to be "horrified" by the episode. Girard wrote in the book Paradise Lost that "Despite all of Dessalines' efforts at rationalization, the massacres were as inexcusable as they were foolish. Henri Christophe 's personal secretary, who was a slave for much of his life, said about the treatment of slaves in Saint-Domingue:. Rumors about the white population suggested that they would try to leave the country to convince foreign powers to invade and reintroduce slavery.
1804 Haiti massacre
Dessalines was eager to assure that Haiti was not a threat to other nations.
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Throughout the early-to-mid nineteenth century, these events were well known in the United States, where they were called "the horrors of Santo Domingo". Hayti or The Black Republic. A compromise advocated by some abolitionists was emancipation and deportation of African Americans to a colony. Retrieved 12 September